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What is Functional Testing: A Comprehensive Guide
Discover the importance of functional testing in software development: use it in order to evaluate the functionality of your application or system.
In today's competitive market, launching the best product at the first go is essential. Customers expect to get new products that offer unique features, an easy navigation process, and exceptional user experience. Functional testing is one of the key testing processes to deliver what customers want.
Software functional testing ensures the software meets the required standards and specifications as intended. Additionally, it helps organizations to build trust, boosts customer retention, and saves unnecessary post-launch expenses.
What is Functional Testing, and What Do You Test?
Functional testing is often considered black-box testing, which checks the basic functionalities of the software or application. Customers use numerous devices like laptops, smartphones, smart TVs, tablets, operating systems, data carriers, and more. It is, therefore, essential to check if the product is operating properly across all the devices.
Functional testing is typically performed by testers familiar with the software's requirements and specifications. This includes checking specific features, APIs, the security of databases, client-server communication, compatibility with various platforms and devices, and system integration.
The main difference between functional and non-functional testing
Functional testing is not done to check the reliability, security, or efficiency of the application's underlying source code. Also, it is not meant to assess reliability, scalability, and speed. Functional testing is known for evaluating the functionality of an application or system. Whereas non-functional testing focuses on performance, reliability, and user experience.
Within functional testing, several types of tests can be performed. These include:
- Unit Testing:This type of testing involves testing individual units or small components of the software. It is the smallest test to write and execute quickly. It ensures they work as intended.
- Smoke testing:This is the most crucial part of functional testing. It ensures that the basic functionalities perform properly. If it is not functioning properly, there is no need to perform further tests.
- Sanity Testing: This process is equivalent to smoke testing. But it is processed after smoke test. Sanity tests are focused, in-depth evaluations of a particular aspect. It is conducted to ensure that the application works properly after any code change.
- Regression Testing: Code updates, adding new features, and enhancing capabilities are key things you must do frequently for any software product.Regression testing ensures the existing software works perfectly after any new addition or modification. The main purpose of this process is to check the productivity and functionality of the software are stable.
- Integration Testing: This type of functional testing focuses on the API integration of the product. It checks the integration between various components and modules. Each model may work perfectly individually, but it checks performance when integrated.
Why Is Functional Testing So Important for Your Business?
Functional testing is an essential aspect of software development that should not be overlooked. It ensures that the software meets its intended purpose and performs as expected. It helps to identify bugs, improve software quality, and verify user requirements.
- For businesses, functional testing helps to reduce costs associated with fixing bugs and errors after the software has been released.
- It saves significant time and effort by detecting the functional issues before the product launch.
- It also helps build customer trust by ensuring the software works as intended and meets their needs.
- Functional testing directly improves customer satisfaction and loyalty, resulting in higher revenue for the business.
Functional testing ensures the software meets its intended purpose and performs as expected. It helps to identify bugs, improve software quality, and verify user requirements. By understanding the different types of functional testing, businesses can reduce costs associated with fixing bugs and errors after the software has been released. This can increase customer satisfaction and loyalty, resulting in higher revenue for the business. Therefore, it is essential to prioritize functional testing in software development to ensure the success of your business.